This article exists in slightly modified form as a template for a Sportscience review article. If you intend to submit a review to Sportscience, you should download the template from the Information for Authors page at the Sportscience site.
It you have managed to find a useful source, you are free to insert this information into the dissertation but you must cite it. Citations are required in every great dissertation to demonstrate that you have worked out vast amounts of literature but do not exaggerate and do not build your research completely on citations. It is reasonable to pay more attention to the scientific articles which are sure to contain more useful information than text books. Writing the article the author presents many wise ideas in the short in volume paper. Sometimes such a brief presentation is more helpful than a great thick book which demands long days of reading. Writing a literature review remember to take notes about every book, article and their author and, finally, arrange your literary sources alphabetically or according to the requirements of the educational institution.
Before choosing the literary sources think carefully about the problem, the topic you are going to research. You should create an outline and divide the topic into smaller subtopics to organize the writing process. Moreover, you will definitely know what you are going to look for. Without such a structure you will waste much time and do much odd work reading everything concerning your topic without any concrete motives.
This article is written in the form of a literature review for the journal Sportscience. A few of the requirements for form and content are unique to Sportscience, but most are common to all good scientific journals. You can therefore use this article to help you write a review for any journal. You can also use this article to structure a literature review for a thesis, but check with your supervisor for any special requirements.
Writing a dissertation literature review section is quite a problematic process for the majority of students, because it is really difficult to find proper materials which will be useful for the research. Another problem is that many students who download free dissertation samples and use these materials for the research often miss the literature review part. As a result students steal thoughts of other people without citing them. Unfortunately, professors are extremely smart people and they will easily recognize the text of such a dissertation and punish you with low grades. As you see, you should treat seriously this moment, as every professor pays much attention to the quality and quantity of the sources in your literature review part. Today it is easier to prepare a good literature review for a dissertation due to the existence of the Internet and its advantages. Everybody is able to find enough materials for the research (books, textbooks, journals, articles, encyclopedia, dictionaries of all kinds). If literature review writing is a problem for you, use these professional dissertation literature review writing guidelines to raise the quality of your paper.
When you have limited the boundaries of your research, start looking for proper books and articles which will be helpful for you. Visit the local library and ask for all materials which are connected with the topic under research. Write down the names of books and periodicals and their authors and continuously step by step read and analyze these sources. You are welcome to serf the Internet and look for additional materials there. Besides it is possible that the missing book at the library will be easily found there. Download the books useful for you and do not forget to note the information about every book and journal to be able to write a literature review in future.
Remember that a good dissertation literature review chapter requires short information about the author of every source. In order to find it, visit authorâs personal web site, or if it is not possible find his biography in the Internet. Get acquainted with his views, published works, preferences and style of writing and present these brief facts in the review.
Whether you are writing a review for Sportscience, another journal, or a thesis, you should read my guidelines on scientific writing (). Here are the main points from that article:
In this short section you should list how many of each kind of publication you summarized (for example, 31 original investigations, one monograph, five reviews, four popular articles, one manuscript), and how you found them (for example, a search of the sport-science database SportDiscus).
Be specific about any database search you performed. Include the key words you used, and the ways you refined your search if necessary. For example: "A search for produced 774 references, which reduced to 559 when we limited the search to intermediate or advanced levels (). Further restricting the search to produced 75 references. We read 47 of these as full papers. Of the 41 papers cited in this review, we were able to obtain the following only in abstract form: Jones et al. (1979) and Smith and Brown (1987)." Describe and justify briefly any papers or areas that you decided not to include.
This section is the most important part of your review. Do not give a summary paper-by-paper; instead, deal with themes and draw together results from several papers for each theme. I have identified four themes for this section: assessing the quality of published work; interpreting effects; points of grammar and style; and a few remarks about tables and figures. These themes are dealt with under subheadings. I encourage you to use such subheadings, which will make it easier for you to write the review and easier for others to read it.
A review may be a self-contained unit -- an end in itself -- or a preface to and rationale for engaging in primary research. A review is a required part of grant and research proposals and often a chapter in theses and dissertations.
Generally, the purpose of a review is to analyze critically a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles.