The term paper abstract is an important part of the paper. It concisely describes the content and scope of the project and the project’s objective, the methodology and its findings, conclusions, or intended results.
When you are at university, you will be assigned written tasks of different kinds. Whilst most are similar in their form, most have their own rule you need to follow. When you come to larger projects, you will find that you are required to write an abstract. A thesis, research reports and service projects for example, will need an abstract.
The sample abstract that follows is a solid model written for a class in mineral policy analysis. Given the pre-determined rhetorical context, no time is wasted, and paragraphs are kept both short and detailed. Note that, in accordance with her professor’s guidelines, the writer gives her particular views on the author’s treatment of the subject at the end of her descriptive abstract. She gives a full paragraph to her commentary, even noting how the author might have calculated costs differently to achieve a different outcome. Such detail and commentary show us that the writer both understands her material and can think effectively about it.
It is not a description of your topic. Some get confused on this point. Your abstract is about your research methods and goals. Your introduction determines the description of your topic. In short, the abstract describes what you are doing, whilst the introduction is about whatever subject you are doing. Abstracts are very short, it is important you do not turn it into a lengthy summary of the entire background of your topic. To help you when writing your abstract, stop at the end of every sentence and make sure you are dealing with the project. Abstracts also vary from discipline to discipline, and sometimes within disciplines. Abstracts in the hard sciences and social sciences often put more emphasis on methods than the humanities. A humanities abstracts will give more time to explain their objective than science abstracts. Even within single disciplines, abstracts often differ. It is best to ask your professor what exactly you are expected to do in your discipline, and obtain examples of abstracts from your field.
A scientific abstract summarizes your research paper or article in a concise, clearly written way that informs readers about the article's content. Researchers use abstracts to determine whether a paper is relevant to their work and/or decide which papers to acquire and read. For academic conferences, participants only receive copies of the abstracts in proceedings. When readers search through electronic databases for articles, the abstract is usually the sole part of the paper that they see without cost. Typically 200-250 words, a scientific abstract consists of five key parts: title and author information, background, methods, results, and conclusions.
If a sedimentologist, for example, were to read every paper published in a single year in the Journal of Sedimentary Research, Sedimentology, Sedimentary Geology, Geology, the GSA Bulletin, the AAPG Bulletin, etc.
The length of your Abstract should be kept to about 200-300 words maximum (a typical standard length for journals.) Limit your statements concerning each segment of the paper (i.e.